“We cannot give approval to this movement. We cannot prevent the Jews from going to Jerusalem — but we could never sanction it. The soil of Jerusalem, if it was not always sacred, has been sanctified by the life of Jesus Christ. As the head of the Church I cannot tell you anything different. The Jews have not recognized our Lord, therefore we cannot recognize the Jewish people.”
– Pope Saint Pius X to Theodor Herzl, ‘Father of the State of Israel’ in response to Herzl attempting to get support for the Zionist project in 1904.