Polish friends remind us that “it is the 70th anniversary of the death of Adam Doboszyński (August 29, 1949), an outstanding activist of the national camp. His death was a symbolic beginning of Stalinist terror in Poland.”
The show-trial of Adam Doboszyński began in Warsaw on 18th June, 1949. He was accused of co-operating with the intelligence services of Nazi Germany from 1933, and from 1945 with the intelligence services of the U.S.A. The prosecution was based on forced testimony given in interrogations conducted during his two-year imprisonment. During the trial he repeatedly and consistently denied co-operating with any foreign intelligence services. He explained that he was made to accuse himself under torture. In his final statement he swore by the “wounds and passion of Christ” that he had never been in the service of Germany, the United States or of any other country, and he asked for judgment based on “law, truth and justice.” At the end of the twelve-day show-trial he was found guilty and sentenced to death.
Adam Doboszyński was the author of a very important book,‘The Economics of Charity’, first published in London in 1945.
Doboszyński’s view of national economy was shaped by Catholic social doctrine and especially by the works of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas, along with the social encyclicals of the popes. His critique of both the Capitalist and Communist socio-economic systems was based firmly on the teachings of the Church.
Doboszyński affirmed that Capitalism and Communism, Liberalism and Marxism, seemingly so different from each other, were based on an anti-Christian and Materialistic outlook of life. He criticised Liberalism, which is the root of Capitalism, regarding it as immoral. He affirmed the fact that both Capitalism and Communism are Collectivist and Materialist in nature. According to Doboszyński, the alternative to both was the creation of a national society built like a human organism, in which an individual should not feel alienated, but be supported by the family and the homeland. The basis of this social, economic and political life in the nation was to be bodies of employers and employees, which is essentially the re-establishment of the Christian system of guilds adapted to modern conditions